Building Food Security in the Pandemic Era

Universitas Negeri Semarang/Opinion/Building Food Security in the Pandemic Era

In the Covid-19 pandemic era, the disruption faced by farmers has become more intense, this cause the food supply chain to experience serious disruptions. Ironically, some agricultural commodity prices have actually decreased due to falling demand.

Reduced community activities leads to decreased demand for foodstuffs. There are so many culinary sectors that do not run their business so that the demand for agricultural commodities has dropped dramatically.

The decline in agricultural commodities will certainly have a negative impact on the welfare of farmers. When agricultural production continues, while demand in the market falls, there will be an over supply so that commodity prices will fall. The drop in prices will make farmers reduce their production due to losses. If this is not resolved immediately, then when the pandemic reaches an end point there will be food shortages because farmers continue to reduce their production.

The drop in food commodity prices has occurred in several regions, such as in Central Java Province. Central Java, which has the potential in agriculture, was also affected by the Covid-19 outbreak. Several food commodities that experienced a decline included chilies, vegetables and fruits.

Various Factors

For chilies, the decline has started to occur since a few months ago. In the past week, chili commodities have tended to decline, especially for green bird’s eye chilies and large red chilies.

Food commodities fell because of PSBB which is made the distribution of food commodities to be hampered so that many commodities were damaged and their prices fell. In addition, the decline in people’s purchasing power due to widespread layoffs has also contributed to a decrease in the absorption of agricultural products.

Furthermore, during this pandemic, many entrepreneurs were unable to run their businesses. Reduced community activities such as celebrations, associations, and other activities that normally require large consumption are no longer there, so the demand for foodstuffs decreases. In fact, many culinary businesses have closed, so there is an over supply during the big harvest.

Then, how are farmers prepared for food security after the Covid-19 pandemic?

We must be optimistic that farmers are able to provide food needs for this country. Indonesian farmers are modest farmers because they will continue to carry out their agricultural activities even though they do not know the certainty of commodity prices at harvest time. Farmers are food heroes for this nation whose welfare must be considered. Farmers’ readiness needs to be supported by various policies.

“Must be optimistic that farmers are able to provide food for this country”.

What are the policies needed to support farmer preparedness? One way is to maintain the smooth distribution of foodstuffs. The government must ensure the smooth distribution of foodstuffs to all regions even though the PSBB is being carried out, it is necessary to re-map commodity stocks in each region in order to map the direction of food distribution nationally.

Mapping can be done starting at the district / city level and what commodities are produced as well as calculating the food needs of each resident in the area. Mapping of areas that become production pockets needs to be reviewed and their role optimized to meet the availability of foodstuffs for food-insecure areas.

What are the policies needed to support the preparedness of the farmers? Market adaptation is one way that needs to be taken.

Farmers need to adjust to the situation in the middle of this pandemic, especially market conditions. Some commodities that may have reduced demand need to be replaced with commodities with better market prospects. For example, hydroponic farmers of various lettuce, whose market segments at first are hotels, restaurants and malls, which are currently having less prospects, can switch to kangkung or mustard farmers whose markets are still good because the market segment is all people.

The stability of agricultural commodity prices needs to be maintained so that commodity prices do not drop too much so that farmers are still willing to produce food, the government can cooperate with several cooperatives and The establishment of Institutional village enterprises (BUM-Des) to help farmers sell their products so that farmers do not experience marketing problems. Farmers ‘cooperatives in villages can also provide capital for farmers because the condition of farmers’ capital in the midst of a pandemic is very weak.

Online agricultural commodity marketing platforms can be used to assist farmers in marketing their crops. Ease of access for farmers to production factors such as fertilizers, seeds and irrigation channels must be guaranteed, Management of emergency food reserves. In the midst of the current Covid-19 emergency, actually foodstuffs must be available in good quantity and quality at affordable prices.

The Role of Cooperatives and Farmer Groups

Through farmer cooperatives, they can improve their bargaining position both in marketing their products and in procuring the required production inputs, in the event that market mechanisms do not guarantee justice, cooperatives can seek to open new markets for their members’ products, on the other hand, cooperatives can provide access to their members. For various uses of production factors and services that are not offered by the market, by joining a cooperative, farmers can more easily adjust their production through post-harvest processing in relation to changes in market demand.

In this case, the role of academics in higher education can support innovation in post-harvest processing, by pooling farmer resources in a cooperative, farmers are easier to deal with the risks inherent in agricultural production, such as: climate influence, heterogeneity in production quality and distribution of production areas. a cooperative organization forum, it is easier for farmers to interact positively in the learning process to improve the quality of their human resources.

In order to realize a food security system, agribusiness cooperatives need to revitalize their roles and functions. As for the steps that must be taken by agribusiness cooperatives so that food security can be achieved, among others: Undertaking internal revitalization and consolidation, currently public trust in cooperatives is decreasing, along with inconsistent government policies towards cooperatives and due to weaknesses in cooperative management itself. Cooperatives need to carry out internal consolidation to improve better corporate governance.

In order to realize a food security system, agribusiness cooperatives need to revitalize their roles and functions. The steps that must be taken by agribusiness cooperatives to achieve food security include: being actively involved in agricultural revitalization. Agribusiness cooperatives need to improve their capabilities in the field of effective and productive farming technology in order to transfer knowledge to members and society. Creating the right financing scheme for the agricultural sector.

The agricultural sector (agribusiness) has different characteristics from other sectors such as trade, services and industry. So agribusiness cooperatives must have the ability to design suitable products and schemes to increase the production of their members, because this sector is usually highly influenced by seasons and high price fluctuations. Cooperatives can also become advisors and agents for managing government grants so that these funds can be productive. Not dependent on government grants.

If in the past, cooperatives engaged in agribusiness, especially village unit cooperatives (KUD), were very dependent on government grants, then now is not the time. Cooperatives must be independent by exploring the potential in the area where they live and empowering members properly. Exploring the potential of agribusiness that is in accordance with the location of the cooperative, existing cooperatives in an area need to explore and utilize the potential that exists in the area to become a superior product. Thus, the cooperative’s performance will be more effective and efficient.

In addition, by utilizing the existing potential, local farmers will be more prosperous because the commodities they plant can be utilized optimally. The utilization of this existing potential can also support the mapping of areas that are the pockets of production of certain commodities.

Prof. Dr. Sucihatiningsih DWP, professor of agricultural economics, Faculty of Economics

Related Posts

Leave a Reply

* Kode Akses Komentar:

* Tuliskan kode akses komentar diatas:

We are using cookies to give you the best experience. You can find out more about which cookies we are using or switch them off in privacy settings.
AcceptPrivacy Settings


  • Privacy Policy

Privacy Policy

At, the privacy of our visitors is of extreme importance to us. This privacy policy document outlines the types of personal information that is received and collected by and how it is used.

Log Files

Like many other Web sites, makes use of log files. The information inside the log files includes internet protocol (IP) addresses, type of browser, Internet Service Provider (ISP), date/time stamp, referring/exit pages, and number of clicks to analyze trends, administer the site, track user’s movement around the site, and gather demographic information. IP addresses and other such information are not linked to any information that is personally identifiable.

Cookies uses cookies to store information about visitors’ preferences, to record user-specific information on which pages the site visitor accesses or visits, and to personalize or customize our web page content based upon visitors’ browser type or other information that the visitor sends via their browser.

Third-party ad servers or ad networks use technology in their respective advertisements and links that appear on and which are sent directly to your browser. They automatically receive your IP address when this occurs. Other technologies (such as cookies, JavaScript, or Web Beacons) may also be used by our site’s third-party ad networks to measure the effectiveness of their advertising campaigns and/or to personalize the advertising content that you see on the site. has no access to or control over these cookies that are used by third-party advertisers.

You should consult the respective privacy policies of these third-party ad servers for more detailed information on their practices as well as for instructions about how to opt-out of certain practices.’s privacy policy does not apply to, and we cannot control the activities of, such other advertisers or web sites.

If you wish to disable cookies, you may do so through your individual browser options. More detailed information about cookie management with specific web browsers can be found at the browsers’ respective websites.


By using our website, you hereby consent to our privacy policy and agree to its terms.


This Privacy Policy was last updated on: 2023-02-14. Should we update, amend or make any changes to our privacy policy, those changes will be posted here.

Contact Us

If you have any questions, comments, or concerns about our Privacy Policy or our practices with regards to your personal information, please feel free to contact us through the contact form on our website or by emailing us at humas[at]

This Privacy Policy is intended as a general guide to our practices in collecting and using information. If there is any inconsistency between this Privacy Policy and the terms of the Service Agreement or any other terms that may apply to specific services you use, then those specific service terms shall apply.

Terms of Use

By using our website, you agree to abide by this Privacy Policy. If you do not agree with this Privacy Policy, please do not use our website. We reserve the right to update this Privacy Policy from time to time without prior notice. Please review our Privacy Policy periodically to check for changes. Your continued use of our website following the posting of changes to this Privacy Policy means that you accept the changes.

Thank you for reading our Privacy Policy. We are committed to protecting the privacy of our website visitors and will continue to update our Privacy Policy to ensure optimal protection.