Delineating Discrepancies between TOEFL PBT and CBT

Universitas Negeri Semarang > Faculty of Languages and Arts > Publikasi > Delineating Discrepancies between TOEFL PBT and CBT

Ahmad Yulianto, S.S., M.Pd.

Research Areas: 

Teaching Methods of Language Skills, Methods of Literary Research

Key Findings:

“The increasing use of computer-based mode in language testing raises concern over its similarities with and differences from paper-based format. The present study aimed to delineate discrepancies between TOEFL PBT and CBT. For that objective, a quantitative method was employed to probe into scores equivalence, the performance of male-female participants, the relationship between completion time and test score, and test mode’s effects on participants’ performance. The findings uncovered that: (1) PBT and CBT were equivalent in scores; (2) male and female’s scores were not significantly different; (3) there was a moderately negative correlation between completion time and score; (4) computer familiarity, habit in using computers, and perception toward CBT did not affect performance in TOEFL. For researchers, the implication of this study concerns the interchangeability of the two-test modes. For CBT test designers, it concerns the appropriate inclusion of visuals, time related measurement, and procedures to design computer- based tests.”

Link to the Publication:

How to Cite: 

Yulianto, A., Pudjitriherwanti, A., Kusumah, C., & Octavia, D. (2023). Delineating discrepancies between TOEFL PBT and CBT. Tabaran Institute of Higher Education: International Journal of Language Testing, 13(1), 166-187.

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