Universitas Negeri Semarang (UNNES) is a public university in Indonesia led by Rector Prof. Dr. S Martono. UNNES was previously a teacher training college (IKIP) and has since been upgraded to university status. Its main campus is located in Sekaran (Gunungpati), in the southern region of Semarang city, Central Java, with other campuses located in Ngaliyan, Kelud, Bendan Ngisor, and Kemandungan, Tegal. On October 20, 2022, UNNES became a legal entity state university (PTN-BH) under the Republic of Indonesia Government Regulation No. 36 of 2022, signed by President Ir Joko Widodo.
The history of UNNES, formerly known as IKIP Semarang, began with the establishment of various teacher education institutions above the secondary school level. These institutions were Middelbaar Onderwijzer A Cursus (MO-A) and Middelbaar Onderwijzer B Cursus (MO-B), both of which were prepared by the Dutch colonial government to train teachers for secondary schools. MO-A and MO-B courses were held in Semarang until 1950. In 1950, MO-A was renamed B-I course and MO-B was renamed B-II course, which were held until 1960.
The subsequent development of UNNES can be seen in the following stages.
In 1960, Kursus B-I and Kursus B-II were integrated into Diponegoro University to form a Faculty of Education. In 1963, the Department of Physical Education, which was previously part of Kursus B-II, was separated and became the School of Sports Sciences (STO) which stood on its own under the Department of Sports.
In 1963, a Presidential Decree was issued for the establishment of the Institute of Teacher Training and Education (IKIP) as an institution for educating educational personnel. At that time, there were only four IKIPs in Jakarta, Bandung, Malang, and Yogyakarta. The FKIP of Diponegoro University, which was considered not yet capable of standing alone, was designated as the Semarang branch of IKIP Yogyakarta.
IKIP Yogyakarta branch in Semarang grew rapidly. In order to direct its development more effectively in the future, while waiting for the Presidential Decree, the Minister of PTIP issued Ministerial Decree No. 40 of 1965 dated March 8, 1965, which established IKIP Yogyakarta branch in Semarang as IKIP Semarang consisting of the Faculty of Education, the Faculty of Language and Arts Education, the Faculty of Social Sciences, the Faculty of Exact Sciences and the Faculty of Engineering Education. In 1977, the teacher education program in sports returned to its parent institution in a new entity called the Faculty of Sports Science Education (FKIK).
With the issuance of Presidential Decree Number 124 of 1999 regarding the transformation of IKIP Semarang, Bandung, and Medan into universities, IKIP Semarang was then renamed Universitas Negeri Semarang (UNNES). In 2000, the names of the faculties within UNNES were changed to: Faculty of Education, Faculty of Language and Arts, Faculty of Social Sciences, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Faculty of Engineering, Faculty of Sports Science, and Graduate Program. In 2006, the Faculty of Economics was established, and a year later, the Faculty of Law was formed at UNNES. The establishment of these two new faculties was a consequence of becoming a university.
Based on the Statute of the Universitas Negeri Semarang (UNNES), UNNES symbol and logo are distinguished by their uses. The UNNES symbol is used for campus internal activities that are academic-related, while the UNNES logo is used for external purposes, such as public relations, public image, and so on. Based on the Statute of the Universitas Negeri Semarang (UNNES).